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Iron Age and Roman Wychwood: The land of Satavacus and Bellicia

by Tim Copeland


One day, during the Roman occupation of Britain, two people carved their names on a set of clay pipes. The pipes were found in the excavation of Shakenoak Roman villa (near Witney, Oxfordshire) in the 1960s; and though damaged, a male name, Satavacus, was quite clear. The second name had been truncated by a break but reads Bellicia and belongs to a female.


Besides possibly identifying a lover and his lass, both names are from the pre-Roman Iron Age tradition, even though the pipes were found in the debris of a building that was dated to almost two hundred years after the Roman invasion. The names on the pipes demonstrate continuity between the people living in Wychwood before the arrival of the Romans and those who worked the land for centuries after that event.


Today's roads and parish boundaries, the location of villages and the
distribution of vegetation have evolved in part from decisions taken to meet
the needs of inhabitants in the period 800 BC ­ 400 AD.


This profusely illustrated book is about the evidence in Wychwood for the
Iron Age and Roman periods, including hill forts, Akeman Street, Grim¹s
Ditch, Roman villas, religious sites, and much besides. It also chronicles
the evolution of our understanding of the period by examining the records
and conclusions of archaeologists over the centuries, showing how their
findings were shaped by their historical and cultural assumptions and the
scientific tools at their disposal.


Includes a gazeteer of Iron Age and Roman remains that can be seen and
accessed from public land, and a great deal of information for people
visiting West Oxfordshire and the sites described.


Tim Copeland is Head of the International Centre for Heritage Education at the University of Gloucester, Chairman of the Council of Europe's Cultural
Heritage Expert Committee and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. Recent
and forthcoming publications include work for the Council of Europe, the
National Trust, the Royal Fine Art Commission and English Heritage.


£12 pbk 144pp, with b/w photographs, maps and line drawings
978-1-902279-14-5